- I was able to drive. e.g. Can, Could và Be able to đều mang nghĩa là có thể nhưng chúng có cách dùng tương đối khác nhau trong đó: Can Để chỉ một việc gì đó là khả dĩ hoặc có khả năng làm việc gì. Present perfect - Will - future. Can ist ein sogenanntes Hilfsverb, was bedeutet, es hat nicht all die verschiedenen Zeitformen, die andere Verben haben. I have been able to drive. Umschreibung mit ‘ to be able to ’: “I’m not sure if I will be able to come to the party.” (Ich weiß noch nicht, ob ich zu der Party kommen kann.) But if we want to say that someone did something in a specific situation, we must use was/were able to, or managed to + infinitive. Notice that be able to is possible in all tenses, for example: Notice too that be able to has an infinitive form: We use be able to to express ability. Und wofür ist das gut? Übungen Aufgaben und Lösungen zur richtigen Verwendung von can und be able im Englischen. Aber er hätte es tun können, als er ein Jugendlicher war. The use of can for permission is informal.). be able to is NOT an auxiliary verb (it uses the verb be as a main verb). ‘Can you bring me my jumper?’ Has two negative forms,. Natürlich können wir auch etwas ausdrücken, was “hätte“ sein können. Can ist ein sogenanntes Hilfsverb, was bedeutet, es hat nicht all die verschiedenen Zeitformen, die andere Verben haben. It is simply the verb be plus an adjective (able) followed by the infinitive. can’t and cannot. Doch wofür benötigt man “able to”, wenn es “can” gibt? “She was able to speak German to her German teacher to pass the course.” – Das ist Bezug auf eine Situation, also sprich: wir könnten auch “managed” schreiben. “I haven’t been able to work recently.” Ist im Present Perfect verfasst. ‘I can ride a bike’. We often use can in a question to ask somebody to do something. We use can to: The main verb is always the bare infinitive (infinitive without to). Sie war fähig das zu tun. But when we talk about one special occasion in the past, we use be able to (positive) and couldn't (negative). hat verschiedene Bedeutungen: Ich kann Fußball spielen. We use can to talk about what is possible, what we are able or free to do: Normally, we use can for the present. Wir benutzen die drei modalen Verben für “freundliche” Fragen. I can drive. So we use be able to when we want to use other tenses or the infinitive. (Less natural than ‘I can knit.’) She is able to speak English well. Kein Problem! Es wird also eher höflich nach etwas gefragt, meist mit „please“ am Ende einer Frage. Das liegt daran, dass man von can nur das Simple Past bilden kann (could). ‘Can you meet me at 5?’ Is used to talk about ability. Is used to make informal requests and orders. - You, we, they were able to drive. We use could to: We use could to talk about what was possible in the past, what we were able or free to do: We use I (positive) and couldn't (negative) for general ability in the past. We look at be able to here because we sometimes use it instead of can and could. Could là hình thức quá khứ của can nên nó cũng có cách dùng như can. Can is an auxiliary verb, a modal auxiliary verb. This is not a real question - we do not really want to know if the person is able to do something, we want them to do it! Look at these examples: We often use could in a question to ask somebody to do something. The police. I can swim. Aber keine Sorge: Schritt für Schritt wirst du die Modalverben beherrschen. You, we, they are able to drive. Natürlich ist dieser Satz nicht mehr aktuell, denn diese Person ist bereits erwachen. Be able to erlaubt außerdem can in verschiedenen Zeiten auszudrücken: I was able to get to the meeting on time, despite the fact that the metro was late. My son was able to walk when he was 11 months old. Es ist möglich die Schule auszusehen von unserer Küche und jemand ist fähig jemanden anders morgen zu küssen. Zum Ändern Ihrer Datenschutzeinstellung, z.B. im Future, Present Perfect) nicht möglich sind (Ersatzform). To be able to kann in allen Zeitformen anstelle von can oder could verwendet werden.. Can, could und to be able to begleiten immer ein Vollverb, dass im Satz dann im Infinitiv steht. = I am able to drive. For example, if you want to talk about ability in the future, you can’t use “will can”, but you can use “ will be able to “, because “be able to” is not a modal. Es gibt eine Menge Unterschiede zu weiteren modalen Verben. Look at these examples: © 1997-2020 EnglishClub.com All Rights ReservedThe world's premier FREE educational website for learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997, The main verb is always the bare infinitive (infinitive without, A man fell into the river yesterday. Möchte man einen Satz in anderen Zeitformen bilden, dann nimmt man die Ersatzformen. But it is possible to use can when we make present decisions about future ability. Das Modalverb can kann nur im simple present, beziehungsweise als could auch im simple past eingesetzt werden.. Für alle anderen Zeitformen gibt es die sogenannte Ersatzform, nämlich to be able to. Be able hat oft dieselbe oder eine ähnliche Bedeutung wie can. Can is an auxiliary verb, a modal auxiliary verb. We use canto: 1. talk about possibility and ability 2. make requests 3. ask for or give permission