The Mayor supports this democratic tradition, and gives access to the square for such causes. The bronze bust by William MacMillian, Royal Academician is mounted on a granite pilaster against the north wall of the square. Find out more about the events held at Trafalgar Square and in the rest of London. During its history, the square has been a place for protests, demonstrations and large-scale events, which continues to this day. It is now managed by a Commissioning Group Panel of specialist advisors. This work includes repairs to the stonework, cleaning areas of corrosion, protecting the bronze with wax, general cleaning to remove pigeon guano, and pigeon-proofing minor areas. It is now used for storage. Recent inspections found that the column was in sound condition, but recommended conservation work to preserve it for future generations. William Railton designed the column and statue to honour Admiral Nelson, after his victory in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. It was donated to Nelson’s Column restoration by Scottish company Watson Stonecraft. Three of these support bronze statues of General Sir Charles James Napier, Major General Sir Henry Havelock and King George IV. It’s surrounded by the National Gallery to the north; St Martins-in-the-Fields Church and The Strand to the east; Whitehall to the south; and Admiralty Arch and The Mall to the south west. Nelson's contribution was remembered with Nelson’s Column, a key feature of the square. Wander into the spectacular St Martin-in-the-Fields Church, which hosts regular services and concerts, and has a charming cafe in its underground crypt. Discover what to see in Trafalgar Square, from historic statues to contemporary art. 1812: The architect John Nash began to develop ‘a new street from Charing Cross to Portland Place’. Surveyors can still check ‘Perches’, ‘Chains’ and other archaic measures against feet and yards. Sir Edwin Lutyens redesigned the fountains in the 1930s to include new centrepieces featuring dolphins, mermaids and tritons. Find out how to become a Partner to enhance your listing and access other benefits. When the Craigleith quarry in Scotland closed sixty years ago it made getting hold of the stone almost impossible, so previous restorers patched Nelson up using a mixture of mortar and cement. John Nash subsequently redesigned the square, which officially opened in 1844. There is a dedicated Trafalgar Square Tube station exit, which leads directly onto the square. How to get to Trafalgar Square and what facilities are available there. However, some Craigleith stone was found during a restoration of Donaldson's School for the Deaf (an A-listed building in Edinburgh). Find out more about cookies in our privacy policy. The north terrace was pedestrianised, so that the square is now linked to the National Gallery. In 1926, Scotland Yard installed a telephone line and light which the police could use to call for assistance. In 2003, feeding the Trafalgar Square pigeons became illegal in most of the square, with a full ban in place by 2007. 1867: Sir Edwin Landseer designed the bronze lions placed on guard at the base of Nelson’s Column. The four bronze lion statues in London’s famous square were added in 1867 by Sir Edward Landseer and sit at the base of Nelson’s Column as protectors of the monument. We’ll consider your request and get back to you in 5 working days. The bronze statue by W Behnes stands on a Dartmoor granite pedestal on the South East corner of the square. 14th to 17th century: Most of the area now occupied by Trafalgar Square was the courtyard of the Great Mews stabling, which served Whitehall Palace. Probably the smallest police box ever built can be found on the southeast corner of the square. Coronavirus latest: What you need to know about the national lockdown. More recently, it was redeveloped to include a pedestrianised area at the north of the square in 2003. We promote London and attract businesses, events, congresses, students and visitors to the capital. Trafalgar Square, plaza in the City of Westminster, London, named for Lord Nelson’s naval victory (1805) in the Battle of Trafalgar.Possibly the most famous of all London squares, Trafalgar Square has always been public and has had no garden. The nearest station to Trafalgar Square is Charing Cross, which is on the Bakerloo and Northern lines, and has mainline rail services connecting to the south east of England. Trafalgar Square at Christmas: lighting the tree, carol singing and the blessing of the crib.